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Eye health.

Learn about the human eye, some of the common causes of low vision, and general tips to maintain your eye health.
Two people, one adult & one older person, sitting on a couch looking at each other laughing.

Learn about issues of low vision and blindness

The human eye plays a key role in our perception of the world, by giving us the ability to visually distiguish form, colour, size, movements, depth and facial expressions.

Low vision or blindness can be present from birth, it can be hereditary and experienced gradually over time, and it can be experienced through illness or injury affecting the brain. We rely on our vision for day-to-day activities. When a change in vision occurs, our independence and mobility can be affected.

A person using their white cane while walking down a path in a park.

Common issues of low vision

Not every person is completely blind and there are a variety of vision levels and conditions we support.

Some of them include:

  • Cataracts.
  • Glaucoma.
  • Diabetic retinopathy.
  • Retinitis pigmentosa.
  • Macular degeneration.
  • Problems associated with a neurological event such as stroke, trauma or illness.
A mother and young child outside smiling at the camera. The young child is standing behind the mother with their hands on her back.

Eye health and tips

Regular examinations with an optometrist or ophthalmologist are the best way to promote healthy eyes and prevent a change in vision. Examinations allow for the early detection and treatment of eye disease. 75% of vision loss in Australia is preventable.

If you have a family history of eye disease of are above the age of 40, it is recommended that you visit an eye specialist every two years for review.

Wear safety glasses if you frequently work with tools in a garden or mechanical environment. This will reduce your risk of injury from a foreign body. Many sports such as squash and hockey recommend the use of safety glasses as well. Safety glasses can be fitted with prescription lenses with the help of an optometrist.

Wash your hands regularly and avoid touching your eyes to reduce the chance of eye infection for yourself and others.

We recommend a suitable pair of sunglasses for all outdoor activity to reduce the harmful effects of the sun’s ultraviolet rays. Sunglasses also play a key role in reducing glare.

Where possible, avoid looking at a computer screen all day. Overexposure can lead to dry eyes, headaches and blurred vision. If you work in an environment where long periods of screen time are necessary, take the time to look away at regular intervals.

Additionally, look after your vision by maintaining your general health. Maintain a good diet, avoid smoking, and partake in frequent physical exercise.

For further information, view:

You can change a life. Support Guide Dogs before June 30.

It’s estimated almost 70 Australians a day will be diagnosed with a severe vision condition by 2030. With your help, we will be able to provide the support to meet this growing need.